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City of London EC 4London
TfL Fare Zone 1
The City of London refers to a small and ancient part of London covering about one square mile (2.6 square km). 
The City is the original settlement of London situated on the north bank of the River Thames.  London was a walled city with fortified gates allowing passage into the countryside beyond.
Westminster was outside the City of London’s boundaries.  Although the modern city of London now stretches far beyond Westminster, this ancient division of the City from Royal London and the traditions associated with it still exists.
The Boundaries & The Griffins
The City of London boundaries, which have not changed since medieval times, are now marked with statues of the griffin. The griffin is a mythical winged beast with the body of a lion and the head of an eagle.  The City of London coat of arms is a white shield with a red cross and the sword of St Paul, supported by a griffin on each side.   The coat of arms lets you know that you are in the City of London.
As you wander around London, look for the griffin boundary markers (there is one on The Victoria Embankment and another near Gray’s Inn in Holborn).
The most obvious griffin boundary marker is at the junction of The Strand and Fleet Street and marks the site of the West Gate of the City.
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The City is the historical heart of London.  It was the centre of trade, law and finance and still is to some extent. The Inns of Court and the Royal Courts of Justice are in the City.  The Bank of England and the Stock Exchange are still in the City and the City Livery Companies still meet in their historic halls.
The Lord Mayor's Procession in November each Year
Local government is by the Corporation of the City and the Lord Mayor of London is traditionally elected by the members of the Livery Companies.  The Lord Mayor’s Procession in November each year is an event well worth seeing. Visit the Lord Mayor web for details Web:  Lord Mayor's Show 
Merchant Guilds
In medieval times all trade was controlled by the various merchants’ unions or ‘Guilds’.  The Guilds regulated standards, prices and supply, so were very powerful and rich.
Richard (Dick) Whittington was not just a nursery rhyme character; he was a real cloth merchant - supplier of cloth to the King and four times Lord Mayor of London.  He was so rich that he actually loaned money to the King.
The merchant guilds trained apprentices, set wages and working conditions.  An important guild function was, and still is, the support of schools, hospitals and churches, many of which owe their existence to this philanthropy.
While walking around the City look for the guilds’ halls. One such guild – the Worshipful Company of Fishmongers' Hall is at London Bridge - for details Web:  The Fishmongers' Company
Occasionally they are open to the public.
St Paul's Cathedral
The most prominent building in the City is of course St Paul's Cathedral.  Although no longer the tallest building in the City it can still be seen from various vantage points such as the Millennium Bridge across the Thames.
The City’s life is tied up with the many churches in the square mile, such as the printing trade's connection with St Bride's Church and St Michael Paternoster Royal in College Hill, where Dick Whittington is buried.
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Getting There
To find the best way for getting to The City, visit TfL Journey Planner.
- By Underground
List of stations and lines serving the City of London area
Blackfriars Station                     District & Circle Lines
Mansion House Station              District & Circle Lines
Cannon Street Station               District & Circle Lines
Tower Hill Station                     District & Circle Lines
Bank & Monument Station         Waterloo & City Line
Bank & Monument Station         Northern & Central
Bank & Monument Station         District & Circle Lines
Bank & Monument Station         Docklands Light Rail
Chancery Lane Station              Central Line
St Paul’s Station                        Central Line
Bank and Tower Gateway         Dockland’s Light Rail
- By Bus
Virtually all buses that head east from Trafalgar Square along the Strand pass through the ‘City’.
We suggest that you use the 'Journey Planner' above.
- Walking
From Trafalgar Square head east along the Strand, continuing along Fleet Street, Ludgate Hill and then Canon Street extension passing St Paul’s Cathedral on the left. Veer left on Queen Victoria Street ending at Bank Underground station – you are then in the heart of the ‘City’ right outside the Bank of England in Threadneedle Street!
Google map of City of London area

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