london panoramic cityscape
The Monument London
Fish Street Hill
London EC3R 6DB
TfL Fare Zone 1 .
The Monument was designed by Sir Christopher Wren and Robert Hooke to commemorate the Great Fire of London in 1666. It is full of symbolism – it is exactly 202 feet (61.5 metres) high and stands exactly 202 feet (61.5 metres) from where the fire started and stopped.
The fire started in Pudding Lane in Thomas Farynor’s shop, baker to King Charles II, and burned for three days and nights, destroying the City of London. The fire burned itself out at the corner of Giltspur Street & Cock Lane, Smithfield, very close to where it started. That site is marked by a statue of a chubby naked boy called The Golden Boy of Pye Corner.
The Portland stone column is topped by a flaming urn of copper coated in gold leaf symbolizing the Great Fire. Around the bottom plinth on three sides are inscriptions in Latin describing how the fire started, the King’s actions following the fire, and the building of the monument.
On the west side is a bas-relief showing the destruction of the City with King Charles II and his brother James, the Duke of York, giving directions for the City's restoration. They are surrounded by figures representing Liberty, Architecture and Science.
Climb to the Top
Visitors may climb the spiral staircase of 311 steps to the balcony at the top for wonderful panoramic views over London.
A Scientific Instrument!
The scientist in Sir Christopher Wren would not allow him to erect just a memorial and viewing point – the Monument is a scientific instrument. The Doric column’s central shaft could be used as a zenith telescope to measure minute variations in the Earth’s rotational axis. The shaft connects to an underground laboratory accessible from the present-day ticket booth. A hinged lid in the urn covers the opening to the shaft. Gravity and pendulum experiments were also conducted.
The steps in the spiral staircase are exactly 6 inches (15.24cms) high allowing them to be used for accurate barometric pressure studies. It is amazing to think that such science was being conducted in 1671!
Plan Your Visit
Opening Times
Open Daily All Year
Summer (April to September): 09:30 - 18:00 (last admission is 17:30)
Winter (October to March):      09:30 - 17:30 (last admission is 17:00)
Admission Costs
Admission Prices: The Monument only accepts cash payment, and children under the age of 13 must be accompanied by an adult in order to climb the Monument. There are adult, child and Concession tickets, please refer to the Monument web site for full details - Web:  Monument/ Visiting Information
There is a Combined ticket with Tower Bridge Exhibition. Again, please visit Monument website listed above for entry cost details.
Disabled Access
- By Live Cam
The Monument is not accessible to people in wheelchairs, or who cannot climb the steep stairs. However, a Live Cam is available at the entry to the Monument. This camera allows visitors to enjoy the views sourced from the top of the Monument.
Contact & Further Information
Telephone   +44 (0)2076 262 717
Mail   This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Getting There
To find the best way for getting to The Monument, visit the TfL Journey Planner.
- By Underground
Monument Station District and Circle Lines
Bank Station  Central Line and Docklands Light Railway (DLR)
- By Mainline Rail
London Bridge Station National Rail
Fenchurch Street Station National Rail
- By Docklands Light Railway (DLR)
Tower Gateway Station
- By Bus
Bus numbers 17, 521, 21, 43, 133, 141, 48, 149
Google Maps - The Monument

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